The primary aim of this ILO study is to provide updated estimates of the financing gap to attain universal coverage for social protection floors. This estimation encompasses 133 low- and middle-income countries, and includes five income security guarantees (for children, persons with severe disabilities, mothers of newborns, older persons and the unemployed), together with essential health care. 

Financing gap for universal social protection: Global, regional and national estimates and strategies for creating fiscal space | International Labour Organization (